Damage to Coffee and Spices Plantations

Damage to Coffee and Spices Plantations

Ministry of Commerce & Industry
The Coffee Board’s Extension teams carried out preliminary surveys (current year) in the calamity affected areas both in Karnataka and Kerala states to estimate the extent of damage to the coffee plantations due to flooding/landslides and damage to standing coffee crop due to premature fruit drop and fungal diseases. As per the preliminary assessment in Karnataka state, out of the total bearing area of 2, 26,244 hectares, an area of about 97,365 hectares has been reported to be affected by crop loss of more than 33% and an area of 620 hectares is reported to have been affected by landslides/floods. In Kerala an area of about 850 hectares has been reported to be affected with crop loss of more than 33% and about an area of 16 hectares of plantations are reported to have been affected by landslides/floods.
As per the assessment made by the Directorate of Horticulture, Karnataka, 11502 hectares of black pepper, 3184 hectares of ginger, 573 hectares of turmeric and 25891 hectares of chilli have been severely affected in the State due to heavy rain this year with an estimated crop loss of more than 33%.
In Kerala, the Department of Agriculture Development and Farmers Welfare made an assessment of crop damages due to heavy rain. Crop-wise details of spices completely damaged are given below:

Crop Pepper Nutmeg Ginger Cardamom Clove Total
Area affected (hectare) 40.23 88.67 13.25 25.08 0.56 167.79
Farmers affected
(Nos.)
3074 3542 456 530 56 7658

Source: Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development
Further, the Spices Board had assisted the State Government of Karnataka in the assessment of the damage caused to the cardamom plantations due to heavy rains in the Coorg district. As per the report, about 1800 hectares of cardamom plantations have been affected with a crop loss of more than 33%. The report has been submitted to the State Government.
Under the extant provisions of State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) and National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF), relief in the form of input subsidy for agriculture crops, horticulture crops, annual plantation crops, perennial crops and sericulture is provided when crops loss is 33% and above. For the perennial crops, norms of assistance are Rs. 18,000 per hectare.
The Coffee Board, Spices Board and Directorate of Arecanut and Spices Development have not constituted any Task Force during the current year to assess the extent of damage due to natural calamity.
Coffee and Spices need a minimum of 3-4 years for economic yield after planting.
This information was given by the Minister of Commerce and Industry, Piyush Goyal, in a written reply in the Lok Sabha today.

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