All About ofForm GSTR-6
1. What is Form GSTR-6?
Form GSTR-6 is a monthly return to be filed by all the Input Service Distributors (ISD) for distribution of credit (ITC) amongst its units.
2. Who needs to file Form GSTR-6 and is it mandatory to file this form?
Only those persons who are registered as Input Service Distributor (ISD) need to file Form GSTR-6. It is a mandatory return, to be filed on monthly basis. A ‘Nil’ return must be filed in case of no ITC being available for distribution or no ITC is being distributed during the month.
3. By when do I need to file Form GSTR-6?
ISD Returns for month M can only be filed on or before the 13th of month M+1 or the extended date, if any.
4. From where can I as a taxpayer file Form GSTR-6?
Form GSTR-6 can be accessed on the GST Portal, post login in the Returns Dashboard by the taxpayer.
The path is Services > Returns > Returns Dashboard.
5. Form GSTR-6 comprises of which tables?
Form GSTR-6 comprises of following tables:
Form GSTR-6 Invoice Details:
1. Table 3: To enter details of input tax credit received for distribution.
2. Table 6B: To enter details of debit or credit notes received.
3. Table 6A: To make amendments to information furnished in earlier returns in Table 3.
4. Table 6C: To make amendments to debit or credit notes received.
Form GSTR-6 ITC Distribution:
5. Table 4: To view details of ITC available and eligible and ineligible ITC distributed.
6. Table 5, 8: To enter details of distribution of input tax credit for ISD invoices and ISD Credit notes.
7. Table 9: To enter details of ITC available and eligible and ineligible ITC redistributed.
6. Can I file my ISD return if my counterparties have not filed Form GSTR-1/5?
Yes, you can file your Form GSTR-6 return even if your counterparties have not filed their respective Form GSTR-1 or Form GSTR-5.
7. Is there any Offline Tool for filing Form GSTR-6?
Yes, there is an offline tool for filing Form GSTR-6.
8. Is there any late fee in case of delayed filing of Form GSTR-6?
Yes, there is a late fee prescribed in Law.
9. Is there an Electronic Credit Ledger available for ISD Registrations?
No, there is no Electronic Credit Ledger maintained for ISD Registrants, since ISD has to only distribute credit available during a tax period.
10. As an ISD, am I liable to pay tax on a reverse charge basis? OR Is reverse charge applicable to ISDs?
No. Reverse charge liability is not applicable for an ISD person.
11. How do I allocate credit to my other units in the Form GSTR 6?
Using Table 5 and Table 8 of the Form GSTR-6, both eligible and ineligible ITC can be distributed to the units.
12. Can I amend the credit allocated to the units in Form GSTR 6 of earlier tax periods? If yes, how?
You can distribute the credit through ISD invoice and provide the details in Table 5 and Table 8 of the Form GSTR-6, indicating both eligible and ineligible distribution to the units.
13. Can the date of filing of Form GSTR-6 be extended?
Yes, date of filing of Form GSTR-6 can be extended by Government through notification.
14. What are the pre-conditions for filing Form GSTR-6?
Pre-conditions for filing of Form GSTR-6 are:
· Recipient should be Registered as an ISD and should have an active GSTIN.
· Recipient should have valid login credentials (i.e., User ID and password).
· Recipient should have valid and non-expired/ unrevoked Digital Signature Certificate (DSC which is mandatory for companies, LLPs and FLLPs).
· Recipient should have with him an active mobile number which is indicated in his registration details furnished to GST Portal at the time of registration or amendment thereof for authentication through EVC.
· Recipient will have an option to file Form GSTR-6 for cancelled GSTINs for the period in which it was active.
15. What happens after Form GSTR-6 is filed?
After Form GSTR-6 is filed:
- ARN is generated on successful filing of the Form GSTR-6 Return.
- An SMS and an email are sent to the applicant on his registered mobile and email id
16. What are the modes of signing Form GSTR-6?
You can file Form GSTR-6 using DSC, or EVC.
(a) Digital Signature Certificate (DSC)
Digital Signature Certificates (DSC) are the digital equivalent (that is electronic format) of physical or paper certificates. A digital certificate can be presented electronically to prove one’s identity, to access information or services on the Internet or to sign certain documents digitally. In India, DSC are issued by authorized Certifying Authorities.
The GST Portal accepts only PAN based Class II and III DSC.
To obtain a DSC, please contact any one of the authorised DSC-issuing Certifying Authorities: http://www.cca.gov.in/cca/?q=licensed_ca.html
(b) Electronic Verification Code (EVC)
The Electronic Verification Code (EVC) authenticates the identity of the user at the GST Portal by generating an OTP. The OTP is sent to the mobile phone number of the registered mobile phone of Authorized Signatory filled in part A of the Registration Application.
17. Can I preview Form GSTR-6 before submitting?
Yes, you can preview Form GSTR-6 before submitting on the GST Portal.
18. I have credit note in CGST & SGST,with no Input Tax Credit available in CGST & SGST, but credit in IGST is available. Hence, credit available for distribution in CGST & SGST is negative, what will be the implications?
If the reversal of Input Tax Credit exceeds the credit available under any of the major head, during a tax period, then sum under such head will become negative. The excess reversal, over available input tax credit is added to the liability. Consequentially the total credit available for distribution will be reduced accordingly.
Total credit available i.e. IGST+CGST+SGST will always be equal to total credit to be distributed (IGST+CGST+SGST), including the liability due to negative credit. Hence, total credit available for distribution will be sum of –
I. Inward supplies received during the month (net of credit/debit notes and amendments of invoices and credit/debit notes).
II. Receipt of credit notes will reduce the ITC available for distribution while receipt of debit notes will increase the same.
III. Availability of ITC, due to issue of ISD credit notes to its units.
IV. Availability and distribution of Cess will always be the same as it is not cross utilised with any of the major heads.
- Credit available in IGST – 1,08,000 INR
- Negative credit available in CGST & SGST – 43,200 INR each (Amount of credit note is more than credit available in CGST & SGST)
- Total credit available for distribution – [Sum of IGST=1,08,000, CGST= -43200 & SGST= -43200] = 21600 INR
- Total input tax credit available for distribution i.e. 21600 INR only will be bifurcated to the eligible and ineligible credit.
19. Which State code is to be selected as place of supply (PoS) in case of transportation of goods outside India, by a registered taxpayer on behalf of a registered recipient?
In case of supply of services (by a registered taxpayer) by way of transportation or courier of goods to a place outside India, the place of supply is the foreign country outside India (being destination of such goods).
For reporting such transactions, where POS lies in foreign country, the supplier of services (the registered taxpayer) needs to select State code as ‘96-Foreign Country’ from the list of codes.
The registered recipient of services will then be entitled to ITC, though POS lies outside the State of his registration, in case State code 96 is mentioned by of the supplier of services (the registered taxpayer) in their statement of outward supplies.
Illustration – Supplier of goods ‘A’ is registered in State ‘X’ in India who has got an order for supply from a foreign country ‘F’. Supplier ‘A’ asked another taxpayer ‘B’ registered in the same State ‘X’ to supply services (couriers etc.) for transportation of goods to the foreign country. Taxpayer ‘B’ will issue invoice in the name of ‘A’ and mention POS as state code 96. Though, both the taxpayers are located in the same State but by virtue of POS as 96, the supply will be taxable under IGST and ITC will be available to taxpayer ‘A’ under IGST head.
20. What would be the type of supply when the State Code is selected as ‘96-Foreign Country’?
Supplies with Place of Supply selected as state code ‘96-Foreign Country’ will always be inter-State supply.
21. In which tables of Form GSTR-6 the State Code as ‘96-Foreign Country’ will be available for selection from the dropdowns?
The state code ’96-Foreign Country’ will be available for selection in the existing list of Place of Supply (POS) drop-down in following tables of Form GSTR-6:
i. B2B (Table 3)
ii. B2B Amendments (Table 6A)